Why don’t people go back to their jobs?
This type of negotiation is based on strong unionization. But in the United States, many workers in the odd-job economy are classified as contractors and not as employees, limiting opportunities for collective bargaining.
Dr Stephany sees opportunities for governments to change federal policies to better support workers, such as the European Union’s establishment of minimum rights for entrepreneurs in the odd-job economy. Dr Stephany also points out that Estonia, Lithuania, and Sweden are making it easier for Uber drivers to pay taxes and report income, a policy that eases friction in platform workers’ access to benefits. social Security.
Create reintegration assistance for working parents
American women are struggling to re-enter the workforce after many quit their jobs in response to disproportionate demands placed on them during the pandemic.
Now working mothers face brutally difficult choices to stay home or look for work again. The move was made easier for many British women who, thanks to the country’s leave policy, remained employed throughout the pandemic, with the government choosing to pay partial wages in a bid to avoid mass unemployment. “This means it was easy to get these employees back to work when demand picked up,” said Thomas Pope, deputy chief economist at the London-based Institute for Government.
Yet a new poll shows nearly a third of UK parents fear their family responsibilities will make them more vulnerable to layoffs at the end of their leave. “I don’t think extending the leave scheme, especially once the economy has ‘returned to normal’ is the solution to potential problems for working parents,” Pope said. “Instead, any solution will be about flexible working, which we expect many employers to adopt.”
In both countries, Amanda Taub, our columnist interpreter, stresses that supporting flexible reintegration is essential to avoid a long-term regression of gender equality. She cites Sweden, which heavily subsidizes child care and has one of the highest female labor force participation rates in the developed world, as a success story. She also identifies the need for more predictive policymaking, including clarity around reopenings, and a functioning health care system as essential support for parents planning their return to work.